List Of Heresies - An
Excerpt From The Book:
Truth's Victory Over Error
by David Dickson
These "heresies" are errors or false doctrines or false branches
of Christianity as noted below.
An alphabetical list of the proper and patronymic names of the
authors of the old and late heresies confuted in the foregoing treatise.
so called from one Adam, the author
of their sect, or from the first
man Adam, whose nakedness they imitate in their stoves and conventicles, after
the example of Adam and Eve in paradise.
Anthropomorphitans: so called
from two Greek words, Anthropus,
a man, and Morphe, a
form, figure, or shape, because they maintained that God had a body, and was
endued with human Shape.
Arians: from Anus a Lybian by
birth, and a presbyter of Alexandria by profession. This heresy brake
under Conistantine, 290
years after Christ, and over ran a great part of the world. It
was condemned in the first famous council of Nice,
gathered by Constantine’s appointment, anno 325.
Arminians: so called from
James Arminius, divinity reader in Leyden, who, i6og,
and maintained five articles, which have occasioned
great trouble to the church of God, being eagerly
maintained by his followers, called remonstrants. The live articles are
concerning predestination, redemption, God’s grace, freewill, and perseverance.
Anabaptists: so called from
re-baptizing, had for their author one
Nicholas Storck, who pretended familiarity with God, by an angel promising
a kingdom, if he would reform the church, and destroy
the princes that would hinder him.
so called from two Greek words, anti,
against, and nomos, the law.
up from one John Agricola, who
affirmed, that the moral law was altogether needless, and that Christians
were not tied to the observation thereof. This sect sprung up about the year
Arabians: so named from
Arabia, the country where their heresy was
broached, and maintained under Philip the emperor, 217
years after Christ.
Brounists: so called from their author, Mr. Robert
Broun, of Northamptonshire in England, sometime a
at Southwark, hold there is no
other pure church in the world, but among themselves as did the Donatists of
Dominicans: one of the popish
orders, so called from Dominicus, a Spaniard. They were instituted by pope
Innocent III anno 1205 This man
with twelve abbots, were appointed to preach down the doctrine of the
Albigenees, who by their preaching did same religion
with the old Non-conformists in England
who were called Puritans.
Donatists: from Donatus, born in Humidia, in Afric
who, because Cecilian was preferred bishop before him to the bishopric of
Carthage, accused him, and all the bishops which had ordained him, to be
Traditores; that is, such as had delivered, up their
Bibles to be burned by idolators, under the persecution of Maximius.
Epicurians: from one
Epicurus, an old heathen philosopher, who placed men's
chief happiness in the pleasure of the mind. He denied providence, and
taught the world was made by the concourse
Eutychians: so named from
Eutyches, an abbot of Constantinople. This man’s heresies were condemned by the
fourth general council held at Chalcedon under the emperor Martianus, anno
called from Thomas Erastus, a physician in Heidelberg in Germany, who following
this man’s foot steps, having taken away from the church all discipline and
government, and put it into the
hands of the civil magistrate.
Enthusiasts: so called from
the Greek word, Enthusiadso, or Euthusiao,
in Latin Fanatico
I am inspired, or acted, with a prophetical or divine fury.
Franciscans: another popish
order, so called from one Francis, an Italian merchant, who before his
conversion, as the Papists say, lived a wicked and debauched life. He gathered
many disciples, anno 1198, and
appointed them to be obedient to Christ and the pope.
Familists: or of the family
of love, whose author was one Henry Nicholas, a Hollander. The first founder was
one David George of Delst who called himself the true David, that should restore
the kingdom to Israel. They maintained many dangerous opinions.
Greeks: are those who inhabit
Greece, viz. Macedon, Epirus,
Bulgaria, Moldavia, &c. They place much of their religion in the worship of the
virgin Mary; and of painted, but not carved, images.
Hermerobaptists: so called from two Greek words,
Hermera, a day, and Baptidso, to baptise, because they maintained,
that men and women, according to their faults committed every day, ought every
day to be baptised.
Jesuits: so called from our
blessed Saviour’s name, Jesus, which they falsely assume to themselves. They
were instituted anno 1540,
by Ignatius Loyola, first a soldier; they are all well bred
philosophy, and school divinity, and in many other arts
and sciences, and therefore they are employed as emissaries from the pope and
conclave to advance the popish religion.
Judaisers: so called, because
they think that the Jewish ceremonies are still in force, and binding on
us who live under the gospel.
called, because they will have every particular congregation to be ruled by
their own laws, without dependency upon any other church.
Libertine: from the liberty
and freedom they take and hive to others to commit sin.
that whatsoever good or evil we did,
was not done by us, but by God’s
Spirit in us, and many other
Lutherans: who so call
themselves, lyingly and falsely, from Martin Luther, that eminent man of
from one Manos, a Persian by birth, and a servant by condition. The
Manichean sect was the sink of all former heresies.
Macedonians: so called from
Macedonus bishop of Constantinople, 312
years after Christ. Their heresy was condemned in the second general council
held at Constantinople, by Gratian and Theodosius, anno 380.
His followers were called Pneumato machians, fighters
the Holy Spirit, Pneuma,
a Spirit, and Machesthai,
Marcionites: from one
Marcion, a Paphlagonian, hear the Euxine sea, who was Cerdon's scholar, a grand
heretic. He maintained Cerdou’a heretics at Rome, about 133
years after Christ.
so called from Nestorius, patriarch of
Constantinople, who broached
his errors under
Theodosius the younger,
400 years after
Christ. They made
Christ to ve two
persons, as he
had two natures.
This heresy was
condemned by the
third general council, held at
the younger, anno 431.
Novatians: so called from
Novatus, wito lived under Decius the emperor, 220
years after Christ. He was an African by birth.
called from the famous Origen:
began to spread about the year of Christ
under Aurelian the emperor, and continued about 334
Pelagians: from Pelagius, a
Briton, as they say, by
birth. A monk at Rome,
afterwards a presbyter, under
Theodosius the younger Puritans,
otherwise Kathari, because they
esteemed themselves purer and
holier than others.
Photinius, born in the lesser
Galatia. He began
to spread his heresies about
Syrmium, where he was bishop
under Constantinus the emperor.
Papists are too well known:
they are to be found in every page almost of the book.
called, because some times they
use to quake and tremble when they prophesy, or when they are in a rapture.
Sociniant: so called from one
Faustus Socinus, an Italian of Stena, they place all religion in the old
condemned heresies, following their matter, a most vile heretic.
Sabellians: so called from
Sabellus, an African by birth. His heresies began anno
Separatists: so called, because they withdrew
themselves from the Christian communion, and followed others in the worship of
Sceptics: commonly called Seekers, maintain, that the whole universal
church hath perished a little after the apostles times, and are not to this day
restored, until Christ from heaven shall send new apostles for raising up again
the church visible.
Sabbatarians: so called,
because they observe the Jewish
Sabbath, imagining there is no precept or example in the New Testament, for
observing the first day of the week.
Tritheits, or Tritheotae:
so called, because they divided the indivisible
essence of the Godhead into three parts; the one they called the Father,
other the Son, the third the Holy Ghost.
Tertullianists: were so
called, from that famous lawyer and divine, Tertullian, who lived under Severus
the emperor, about 170 years after Christ.V
Vorstians: from one Vorstus,
an old heretic, who taught, that
God had a body, and was endued with parts, as the Anthropomorphitans affirmed.
Vaninians: from one Vaninus,
a great promoter of Atheism. He was publicly burnt at Tholouse.
The above text is a portion of the book:
Truth's Victory Over Error", by David Dickson, 1684.
This book is a commentary on all the chapters of the (Westminster - RB)
confession of faith, by way of question and answer: in which, the saving truths
of our holy religion are confirmed and established; and the dangerous errors and
opinions of its adversaries detected and confuted... To this edition is
prefixed, a short account of the author's life, by the late Mr. Robert Wodrow"
296 pages. The entire book can be ordered from
Still Waters Revival Books.